Who amongst us does not remember the iconic scene from 'Deewar' (1975) where Amitabh Bachchan enters a temple for the first time in his life and begs his mother's life with the famous words, "Aaj... khush to bahot hoge tum..."?
(Today... you must be very happy). Helpless character to another helpless character: “Bhagwaan pe bharosa rakho, sab thik ho jayega." (Have faith in God, all will be well.) Helpless doctor to helpless relatives: “Ab sab kuch bhagwaan ke haath mein hain.”
(Now everything is in God's hand.) Helpless character standing in front of God's idol: "Bhagwaan, maine aaj tak tumse kuch nahi maanga..." (God, till today I have never asked you for anything...) Woman to a villain who is about to rape her: "Bhagwaan ke liye mujhe chhod do." (For God's sake leave me.) Many of the films in this era had God as one of the characters, albeit as a silent spectator, represented by temples and idols, and manifested by miracles on request.
As as example is the classic blockbuster 'Amar Akbar Anthony' (1977), where their mother's lost eyesight is restored through divine invocation, without any medical intervention. No seriously! (4:06 onwards).
However the changing paradigms of society were being reflected too. You could get cheeky and have some fun, like Dharmendra does with Hema Malini by playing God's voice in the cult, 'Sholay' (1975).
This was behind the guise of comedy but the barriers between man and God were definitely coming down. A more in the face example is the brilliant Mahabharat scene from another cult film, 'Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro' (1983), which is by far one of the wittiest parodies of any epic.